A house, which feeds the cat in your absence, automatically adjusts the temperatures of rooms, blinds that open according to the time of day, a lock connected controllable from a smartphone. What was science fiction yesterday being today very possible?
The coming years will see us move from a rather safe domotic vision to a house that self-manages and anticipates the needs of its inhabitants.
IoT: Main Accelerator of The Smart Home
Like smart cities, smart homes are connected networks that can be controlled remotely via a smartphone or tablet. The possibility is given to the inhabitants of these houses to control their whole household by using a simple terminal, without even being at home. The best home control system alone learns to know the habits of the occupants of the home in which they are installed.
For example, for the thermostat, simply enter the desired temperature. Or, thanks to motion and brightness sensors, the system will adapt the heating to the presence in the house. And it will be enough of a simple click on your mobile to pilot television or washing machine. A device that chooses music adapted to the situation or locks that activate remotely.
Do not dream of your connected home anymore; it is at your fingertips. We will move from a current secure home automation vision to a home that self-manages and anticipates the needs of its inhabitants.
Interoperability: A Major Issue of Efficiency and Feasibility
In practical terms, home automation consists of networking various connected devices in a house and centralizing the controls. Each device is connected with others via pairing, which involves pairing two or more devices together.
There Are Three Main Categories of Systems
- The sending of information by a wired network, such as a computer network, a telephone network.
- A dedicated cable (directly in the walls of the home),
- Information can also pass through electrical cables, the so-called power line or the box can emit waves like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or radio waves.
By opting for the latter system, it is important to compare the devices to the purchase, because manufacturers do not necessarily work on the same technology.
The challenge is to be able to control these objects centrally and transparently, intelligence being in the interaction between objects, more than in the objects themselves
Indeed, the major issue today is interoperability.
The different solutions on the market tend not to be compatible with each other. If they do not speak the same language (we speak of a protocol) it is impossible for them to understand each other and therefore can not work together
The smart home is not limited to the space of its four walls. It interacts with the outside, the other homes and so on the wider scale of the city, which is called Smart City.
In the longer term, it will really be integrated to create even more links between the inhabitants and their city. The goal is to develop a way of life-based on the anticipation of needs, the optimization of energy consumption and more.